what is the difference in DNA and RNA? 

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The following distinguishing characteristics can be used to differentiate between DNA and RNA: Pentose sugar - the deoxyribose of DNA has one less oxygen than the ribose of RNA Nitrogenous bases - DNA contain adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine; RNA contains adenine, uracil, cytosine, and guanine. Strandedness - DNA is double-stranded and RNA is single-stranded. Functions DNA stores genetic information and RNA transfers the information to other places in the cell. Location - DNA is only found in the nucleus whereas RNA can be found in both the nucleus and cytoplasm. DNA contains the information for protein synthesis; RNA carries out protein synthesis. Reactivity - DNA is less reactive due to stable C-H bonds; RNA is more reactive due to C-OH bond. DNA is stable in alkaline/basic conditions while RNA is unstable in alkaline/basic conditions. UV radiation - DNA is more easily damages. Grooves - DNA has smaller grooves reduce enzyme ability to attach and damage while RNA has large grooves.


DNA and RNA both have 4 nitrogen bases. DNA and RNA both have adenine, guanine and cytosine but DNA also has thymine, but RNA has something that starts with U, and can pair with anything. Darn! I forgot the name of it... sorry.

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