Consider the reaction: 2 H2O (g)-->2 H2 (g) + O2 (g). ΔH=483.6 Kj/mol. If 2 moles of H2O (g) are converted H2(g) and O2(g) against a pressure of 1 atm at 125 degrees Celcius what is ΔE of reaction?
dE = dH - PdV 2 H2O(g) → 2 H2(g) + O2(g) You can see that there are 2 moles of gas in the reactants and 3 moles of gas in the products. 1 moles of ideal gas occupies the same volume as 1 mole of any other ideal gas under the same conditions of temp and pressure. Since it is done under constant temp and pressure that means the volume change will be equal to the volume of 1 mole of gas 2 moles reacts to form 3 moles The gas equation is PV = nRT P = pressure V = volume (unknown) n = moles (1) R = gas constant = 8.314 J K^-1 mol^-1 - the gas constant is different for different units of temp and pressure (see wikki link) in this case temp and pressure are constant, and we want to put the result in an equation that has Joules in it, so we select 8.314 JK^-1mol^-1) T = temp in Kelvin (kelvin = deg C + 273.15 So T = 403.15 K Now, you can see that PV is on one side of the equation, and we are looking to put PdV in our dE equation. So we can say dE = dH -dnRT (because PV = nRT) Also, since the gas constant is in the unit of Joules, we need to convert dH to Joules dH = 483.6 kJ/mol = 483600 Joules/mol dE = 483600 J/mol - (1.0 mol x 8.314 J mol^-1K-1 x 403.15 K) dE = 483600 J/mol - 3351.77 J dE = 480248.23 J/mol dE = 480.2 kJ/mol